They can go almost anywhere, and they are always ready for use. In many ways, driving is easier than walking, biking, or riding in a train, bus, or airplane. But owning a car is a big responsibility. It takes a lot of money to buy one and keep it running, and drivers must be trained, licensed, and always alert to avoid mistakes and accidents.
It takes a lot of space to park cars, and too many cars cause congestion on roads and in parking lots. For most Americans, cars are a favorite way to travel, but there will always be a need for other types of transportation.
Courtesy of the National Museum of American History. The Ford Model T, made between and , cost less than other cars, but it was sturdy and practical. It ran well on dirt roads and fields because it could twist as it rolled over bumps. The Model T looked like an expensive car but actually was very simply equipped. From to , it only came in black because black paint dried faster than other colors, making it possible to build and sell more Model Ts. For all of these reasons, more Model Ts were sold than any other type of car at the time—a total of just over 15 million.
Farmers, factory workers, school teachers, and many other Americans changed from horses or trains to cars when they bought Model Ts.
The gasoline engine has been reliable, practical, and fairly efficient since about It is easier to control than a steam engine and less likely to burn or explode. A gasoline car can go much further on a tank of gasoline than an electric car can go between battery charges. Gasoline engines have been improved by the use of computers, fuel injectors, and other devices. But growing concern about chemicals that gasoline engines release into the air i. The automobile collection attempts to include significant automotive milestones as cars changed from horseless carriages to an intrinsic part of American life.
Early Cars: Fact Sheet for Children
The Smithsonian has been collecting cars since , and almost all of them have been given by people or businesses. Early Cars: Fact Sheet for Children. Share Icon. Who made the first cars? How did the first cars work? Who drove the first cars? Why do so many people use cars?
What was different about the Ford Model T? The route included a few detours and took them from Mannheim to Pforzheim, her place of birth. With this journey of kilometers including the return trip Bertha Benz demonstrated the practicality of the motor vehicle to the entire world.
It was Carl Benz who had the double-pivot steering system patented in , thereby solving one of the most urgent problems of the automobile. The first Benz with this steering system was the three-hp 2. This was the birth of the horizontally-opposed piston engine.
The 10 Best Car Engines Ever Made But Are History Now - CAR FROM JAPAN
Always installed at the rear by Benz until , this unit generated up to 16 hp 12 kW in various versions. We want to make our website more user-friendly and continuously improve it.
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